Thursday, November 26, 2015

All I ever did was respectfully ask a simply Questions (time to delete my DISQUS account)

Hmmm, comments removed and banned from "The Hill", "The Daily Caller" and sometimes even at the "The Heartland Institute" & "The Genetic Literacy Project" online journals ??? 

The News headline in an online journal I have never in the past  visited nor really read before had a headline over the Yahoo News  feed which rang out:
"Nevada Girl Makes School Pay After They Denied Her Pro-Life Club"

Image: The Daily Caller
"A Nevada girl who fought a long legal battle with her school over a pro-life club didn’t just get her club approved, she got her school to pay for it."   
"The Thomas More Society, the religious liberty legal group representing junior Angelique Clark, announced Friday they would drop their lawsuit against Clark County School District in Las Vegas and that the school has agreed to pay $30,000 in attorney fees. The school agreed in September to allow the pro-life club after legal pressure."
Okay that much quote basically provides the gist of the article and what the subject is all about. Frankly I was just curious when it came over the News feed. I don't have television and so most of my news comes mainly from online news feeds and this was one of them. I'm not overly concerned about who the girl is or anything about her club's mission and purpose other than I asked a simple question about the name title chosen for the school club which was, "Pro-Life Club". Here is what I asked:
"I'm wondering if maybe her club should have been instead labeled as Anti-Abortion Club. Frankly I do not support abortion either, but I also feel it's none of my business what others do. The problem with the terminology of "Pro-Life" is that these people need to be consistent in their beliefs on living a pro-life lifestyle. For example, many people who label themselves pro-life to save a child have no problem with that child growing up and going to war and going out and killing someone else or being killed. Here in Europe people were stumbled by both world wars and church involvement on all sides by people of the same identical religious persuasion. But especially after World War II did most of Europe become secularized and stopped going to churches. In Central and Northern Europe, Secularism rules, not religion. Often times the only religious folks are those immigrants coming in from other countries. What if all the churches had followed their leader Jesus Christ and kept themselves separate from the world having nothing to do with Nationalistic pride and War, in other words taken a true Pro-Life stance ? Would secularism have really gotten a foothold ? Something to ponder and again I am against abortion personally, but I find it sad when religious leaders have failed horribly at teaching the common man morality but then ride the backs of politicians to have their personal version of morality legislated on others. True pro-life stance should have the same morality throughout life, not just the beginning."

Well, okay, not everyone was pleased on this news website. One comment stood out from someone whom I imagine was a typical American God & Country flag waving American.
Navyvetew1: "You live in Europe yet you seem to support that people do not go to war if they are "pro life" So, I guess it was a mistake for the US to set foot in Europe in WWII?"
Here was my respectful reply to help bring him around to what I was trying to say previously. Personally I don't think it was overly complicated nor did I use the usual foul language, derogatory insults or name calling generally aimed at me in the comment box sections:
"Okay now Navy Vet, I want you to slow way down here, think, ponder and mediate real long and hard on what your next answer to this question is going to be. Okay ??? What would have happened if ALL the Churches [Catholic, Lutheran, Pentecostal, Baptists, Presbyterian, Evangelical, Mormon, etc] in Nazi Germany and Austria had in the very beginning before the war ever started REFUSED to support Adolf Hitler and his racist anti-Christ message and ideology where using scientific Social Darwinism set out to conquer the world and exterminate those who didn't genetically measure up to his blonde hair blues eyes standard of the way things should be on the Earth ??? Now remember, his agenda was known a decade long before the war, so no one can say people were unaware and ignorant and fooled. Geesh folks, this is so simple, even a child gets this."
This was never meant as a snark or a put down of their religious beliefs, but rather a reality check of those belief systems. It was a serious question. How different would history have been had these people actually believed the teaching contents found within their own holy book ? Especially in the section of what many call the New Testament. I'd say the world today would look far different. But this wasn't the only site to refuse my questions. The two other online journals called, "The Hill" & "The Heartland Institute" (both heavily politically conservative), which I have only been to once as a result of recent News feeds which both have carried articles  dealing with their strong pro-GMO stance. In all three journals, people concerned about GMO Crops and Agro-Chemical companies are called left-wing liberal hippies. Oddly enough on another Pro-GMO website called the, "Genetic Literacy Project" which indeed is indeed a liberal trans-humanist ideology promoting website, the anti-GMO people are made fun of and labeled anti-science religious conservative Luddites and those are the more cleaner things I can repeat in this post. Other Pro-Science sites on Facebook and elsewhere around the internet which are likewise Liberal and Left-wing sciencey sites likewise point fingers and parrot the same anti-science - pseudoscience - right-wing - conservative - religious nut job Luddite sound blasts rather than actually discussing any of the issues in any intelligent manner. All these sites have many of my posts Pending or Removed in my DISQUS backoffice. I find the fact that Pro-GMO and Agro-Chemical people are from both ideological worldviews to be extremely humorous. Like Revelations picture illustration of world religions depicted as a Harlot riding the back of a Scarlet Coloured Wild Beast [which represents world government (religion and politics in bed with each other), so too the left and right pro-gmo folks need to turn on the bedroom light and see who they've been playing slap and tickle with under the same BT Cotton bed sheets all this time. Frankly, they deserve each other. Whatever!

All these websites (Left and Right) have rejected my posting of these people below who are hardly anti-science Luddites as per accusation of the Pro-GMOers. See what you think about these Luddites below:

Frankly I believe my time is up on DISQUS. I opened the account in 2009 and up till a month ago I only had around 900 posts in that time. Most of the others have been there since 2014 and have anywhere from 7000+ to almost 20,000 posts. What do any of them do for a living in order to rack up that type of time wasting mileage ? Most all are wearing Sock-Puppets avatars so you have no idea who they are, even when many claim to be Farmers. I don't know many hard working farmers who have that kind of 17,000+ post time to kill while ignoring all that hard farm work that needs doing. Many folks suspect they are all biotech and agro-chemical company damage control trolls, but there is no way to prove that. In any event my time there is finished over there, just like Facebook. 

Monday, October 12, 2015

HEADLINE NEWS FLASH: Biotech World & Organic World duke it out for that much coveted Scientific Consensus Prize

In other News no matter who wins the debate, Mankind and the rest of the Natural World will probably still lose
Illustration by Erin Dunn

The illustration in the animation above is most likely not what you think it is. It's not mycorrhizal fungi clinging to the roots of plants. Look closer and you'll see the roots of the corn are shaped like the DNA double helix model commonly used to represent genetic codes etched along the DNA strands. However the article, "The Complex Nature of GMOs Calls for a New Conversation" written by author Maywa Montenegro, from the online Agroecology magazine ENSIA focused mainly on the two competing Agricultural sides of Industrial Biotech & Industrial Organic who have two opposing views on how to acquire drought resistance in corn through genetic traits. The Organic side proposes that this can only be accomplished by breeding and cross breeding for inherited traits while the other Biotech side focuses mainly on the usual modern day popular molecular manipulation for a genetic trait from one organism into another to obtain drought resistance. Hence the reason for the animation. This same debate topic about Drought Resistance and how to go about it was first brought to us all via the now infamous (and waste of time) Intelligence Squared Debates for which I previously gave my own critique and personal comment on this specific argument of how to acquire drought resistant traits for cultivators of Corn/Maize for Africa. Both side were wrong then and they are wrong now in this article. Here are the same tired old arguments from this article:

image cradit: Guy Calaf/Polaris/eyevine

Loss of crops to drought contributed to a food crisis in Ethiopia in 2008

The Organic Argument as given by the Author:
"Conventional breeding also appears to be outperforming genetic engineering in the race to develop crops that can maintain productivity in the midst of drought, extreme temperatures, salty soils and shifting pest regimes. A September 2014 Nature News article describes the work of researchers from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, or CIMMYT, in Mexico City and the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture in Ibadan, Nigeria, around the use of non-GMO methods to develop drought-resistant corn varieties in 13 African countries. In field trials, these varieties are matching or exceeding yields from nonresistant crops under good rainfall — and yielding up to 30 percent more under drought conditions. The project already has 153 varieties in trial stages, and other seeds are already well beyond trial stage, enabling some 3 million smallholder farmers in Africa to increase yields by an average of 20 to 30 percent."
At the Intelligence Squared Debates in December 2014, Charles Benbrook and Margaret Mellon stated that there were programs in Africa at that time which had been breeding and cross breeding for drought resistant traits in Corn/Maize for over a decade now and they had been successful thus far with drought resistant cultivators of Corn/Maize. *sigh*
The Biotech argument as given by the Author:
"Meanwhile, Monsanto, CIMMYT and other researchers are still hoping to get a transgenic drought-tolerant seed trait to Africa “by 2016 at the earliest.” Even then, Monsanto’s drought-tolerant seeds [Drought Guard] have been shown to increase yield only about 6 percent in the U.S., and only under moderate drought conditions. Direct comparisons are always tricky, of course, but as the Nature article put it: “Old-fashioned breeding techniques seem to be leading genetic modification in a race to develop crops that can withstand drought and poor soils.”
Here also is the link to the article in Nature which she referenced
Nature: Cross-bred crops get fit faster 
If you again recall from the Intelligence Squared Debate back on december 4th 2014, Monsanto's Robb Fraley and UC Davis' Alison Van Eenennaam insisted that the Biotech giant Monsanto was been working very hard on genetic engineering in choosing traits from heat tolerant organisms and incorporating these into the genome of Corn/Maize seeds. They assured the audience that these seeds would be ready for African Farmers in about 10 years. Seriously, that's what they said. This was the most disappointing thing I found in that entire debate from both sides since drought resistance in any plant/crop can be obtained that very first growing season using the proper tool from Nature's tool-kit. Here is that photograph once again from the University of Florida study where they tested Mycorrhizal Application Inc's (Grant Pass, Oregon) product MycoApply on Corn for drought resistance.

image credit: Mycorrhizal Applications Inc

And there it is folks, the picture that is worth a thousand words. I've posted it before and I'll post it again and again. The problem here  really is that it translates to the loss of many many 10s of 1000s of dollar$ for the interested parties. That's most of the problem here. Often the investment in mycorrhizal fungal spores is relatively little in comparison to the huge investment in so-called special seed and the many chemicals they are engineered to be working with for success. But the photo cannot lie, drought resistance is glaringly successful when compared to the control part of the experiment illustrating the conventional farming practices. First seasons corn planting. No decades of research, cross breeding or years of genetic manipulation in some top secret expensive high tech lab. You can even see where the mycorrhizal fungi has moved underground over to the control site where the outer rows have been colonized and the health benefit effects revealed. The use of mycorrhizal fungi also requires far less fertilizers or the fungi will disconnect from the plant. Actually, the over abundance of fertility will cause the plant to have no need for the fungi's services and the plant will stop producing the chemical signature which signals the fungi to colonize it's roots. Previously I wrote about another University of Wisconsin and Maine study on growing potatoes with mycorrhizal fungi where common conventional industrial requirements on fertilizer for conventional grown potatoes required 130 lbs of phosphorus per acre, but with the fungal colonization only 30 lbs per acre were required. Even the yield of potatoes increase per acre with less money on investment. Again, can everyone here reading understand the economic reasons giant Agro-Chemical and Biotech companies won't even remotely mention or pursue this practice ? Here is the link to that post.
Using Nature's Mycorrhizal Tool-Kit to compete with Weeds vrs killing them with Glyphosate

Recently when I posted this same photograph of mycorrhizal corn in a discussion forum, I was accused of promoting an unproven idea based simply on a single photograph which meant nothing. The accusation came from a Nebraska resident, Carl Lux, who is supposedly the principal Manager of Almalgamated Sugar Co LLC which runs GMO Sugar Beets (a nonMycorrhizal plant) through their factory farm. The usual derogatory approach to debate is not important, but I'll provide a gallery of other photographs of other Mycorrhizal Corn at the bottom references. The sad thing on the Corn again is that apparently neither the Biotech side nor the Organic side appears to have any interest in bringing it up for discussing and it is hard for me to believe that either side is ignorant of the potential here. As I stated, this debate has always been about money and the power over global food supply. Now shifting focus here with an article from Nature News which has some interesting observation with what goes wrong with scientific research. Many of you will relate to these major problems with scientific research below.
How scientists fool themselves – and how they can stop    


"Humans are remarkably good at self-deception. But growing concern about reproducibility is driving many researchers to seek ways to fight their own worst instincts." Article's Introductory Forward
I won't re-post all the points listed in the article which I enjoyed thoroughly, but simply provide the Author's four main problem subheadings which will be made clear as to what really goes on behind closed Lab doors. I'll post the link at the end and you can further read what he regards as solutions to the problems, although I am skeptical when it comes to human imperfection motivated by personal and corporate and/or group biases and prejudices. This first one deals with tunnel vision and any lack of peripheral vision or thought which is one of my pet peeves when it comes to scientific researchers who prefer to work in their own personal comfort zone of thought which is most often motivated by personal bias, prejudice, fame glitter and glory for some amazing discovery and that ever present flaw of personal economic enrichment. I have no problem with making money and helping the economy, the world needs healthy economies. However, many of these corporate firm's scientific researchers are pressured for quick results, not only by their corporate Executive task masters, but also those Wall Street investors who figuratively [sometimes literally] want return on investments yesterday or they'll pull the financial plug. It should also be noted that Academia faces the same financial challenges and pressures as the Industrial world.

Hypothesis myopia 
[ translation - Tunnel Vision, incapable of any peripheral view]
"One trap that awaits during the early stages of research is what might be called hypothesis myopia: investigators fixate on collecting evidence to support just one hypothesis; neglect to look for evidence against it; and fail to consider other explanations. “People tend to ask questions that give 'yes' answers if their favoured hypothesis is true,” says Jonathan Baron, a psychologist at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia."
"For example, says Baron, studies have tried to show how disgust influences moral condemnation, “by putting the subject in a messy room, or a room with 'fart spray' in the air”. The participants are then asked to judge how to respond to moral transgressions; if those who have been exposed to clutter or smells favour harsher punishments, researchers declare their 'disgust hypothesis' to be supported. But they have not considered competing explanations, he says, and so they ignore the possibility that participants are lashing out owing to anger at their foul treatment, not simply disgust. By focusing on one hypothesis, researchers might be missing the real story entirely."

The Texas Sharpshooter   
[ translation - This is an informal fallacy which is committed when differences in data, evidence, lab results, etc are ignored, but similarities to one's pet theory are stressed. From this reasoning a false conclusion is inferred] 
"A cognitive trap that awaits during data analysis is illustrated by the fable of the Texas sharpshooter: an inept marksman who fires a random pattern of bullets at the side of a barn, draws a target around the biggest clump of bullet holes, and points proudly at his success." 
"His bullseye is obviously laughable — but the fallacy is not so obvious to gamblers who believe in a 'hot hand' when they have a streak of wins, or to people who see supernatural significance when a lottery draw comes up as all odd numbers."
"Nor is it always obvious to researchers. “You just get some encouragement from the data and then think, well, this is the path to go down,” says Pashler. “You don't realize you had 27 different options and you picked the one that gave you the most agreeable or interesting results, and now you're engaged in something that's not at all an unbiased representation of the data.”

Asymmetric attention
translation - When things don't turn out as religiously assumed because of one's faith commitments, then blame the data, evidence, experiment, fellow scientists, etc, but don't you dare touch my worldview]
"The data-checking phase holds another trap: asymmetric attention to detail. Sometimes known as disconfirmation bias, this happens when we give expected results a relatively free pass, but we rigorously check non-intuitive results. “When the data don't seem to match previous estimates, you think, 'Oh, boy! Did I make a mistake?'” MacCoun says. “We don't realize that probably we would have needed corrections in the other situation as well.”
"The evidence suggests that scientists are more prone to this than one would think. A 2004 study observed the discussions of researchers from 3 leading molecular-biology laboratories as they worked through 165 different lab experiments. In 88% of cases in which results did not align with expectations, the scientists blamed the inconsistencies on how the experiments were conducted, rather than on their own theories. Consistent results, by contrast, were given little to no scrutiny."

Just-so storytelling
the long definition - most people consider Science to be the Revealer of the Grand Story. Except more often than not it's a collection of numerous metaphysical short stories loaded with assumptions, assertions, speculations in which creative and purposeful storytelling is used to fill in either small gaps or large Grand Canyon-like chasms where data and other evidence are lacking. Origins science is loaded with massive amounts of  story telling irrespective of what position a person favours. Most often the storytelling itself will be denied as just so story telling. Astrobiology is yet another example of creative storytelling since in reality it has yet to discover it's subject. It's the science discipline of 'could', 'might', 'probably' and maybe.  (see post on Astrobiology)
"As data-analysis results are being compiled and interpreted, researchers often fall prey to just-so storytelling — a fallacy named after the Rudyard Kipling tales that give whimsical explanations for things such as how the leopard got its spots. The problem is that post-hoc stories can be concocted to justify anything and everything — and so end up truly explaining nothing. Baggerly says that he has seen such stories in genetics studies, when an analysis implicates a huge number of genes in a particular trait or outcome. “It's akin to a Rorschach test,” he said at the bioinformatics conference. Researchers will find a story, he says, “whether it's there or not. The problem is that occasionally it ain't real.”
For further read of the article by Author, Regina Nuzzo, follow the link here: 
NATURE.COM: "How scientists fool themselves – and how they can stop"
There never really was any such thing as "The Scientific Method" (Berkeley)
Below is an excerpt taken from Berkeley's own website inside their pages of understanding evolution. Science as a strictly neutral unbiased process or method to obtain true understanding of the observable world around us according to them is a myth. This is true as long as human beings are in charge of practicing science irrespective of their background, education, culture, race, ethnicity or worldview. Now you'll understand why this attempt at obtaining consensus or at least claiming consensus is so sought after. The simplified so-called layman version of the "We have Scientific Consensus" soap box stumping is, "Anybody who's anybody knows and believes this."
"If you go to science fairs or read scientific journals, you may get the impression that science is nothing more than "question-hypothesis-procedure-data-conclusions."
 "But this is seldom the way scientists actually do their work. Most scientific thinking, whether done while jogging, in the shower, in a lab, or while excavating a fossil, involves continuous observations, questions, multiple hypotheses, and more observations. It seldom "concludes" and never "proves."
Important Update, October 25, 2015 - Discover Magazine
Discover Magazine: "The Scientific Method is a Myth"
 "It’s probably best to get the bad news out of the way first. The so-called scientific method is a myth. That is not to say that scientists don’t do things that can be described and are unique to their fields of study. But to squeeze a diverse set of practices that span cultural anthropology, paleobotany, and theoretical physics into a handful of steps is an inevitable distortion and, to be blunt, displays a serious poverty of imagination. Easy to grasp, pocket-guide versions of the scientific method usually reduce to critical thinking, checking facts, or letting “nature speak for itself,” none of which is really all that uniquely scientific. If typical formulations were accurate, the only location true science would be taking place in would be grade-school classrooms."
Well, that was the first paragraph in the article. It is popular now to hear terminology and expressions such as "Anti-Science" and Pseudo-Science" being lobbed by one side towards another side's position in hopes of elevating another's position as that of the enlightened version of Science. The real hard facts are that there is truly only good science and bad science. The terms above as cuddled by those who have need to be reassured that their worldview of life is still the warm and fuzzy one.
Such now-familiar pieces of rhetoric as “science and religion,” “scientist,” and “pseudoscience” grew in prominence over the same period of time. In that sense, “scientific method” was part of what we might call a rhetorical package, a collection of important keywords that helped to make science comprehensible, to clarify its differences with other realms of thought, and to distinguish its devotees from other people."
Yup, sure enough. And while both sides of the Agricultural argument will claim "scientific method" as their own and at the same time demonizing their opponents, often times neither side has really utilized such scientific method practice in coming to their conclusions as it was originally intended. There is too much to gain financially and even more to lose as far as from a "Prestige" standpoint because more often than not the scientific method exposes both side's flaws. Take note of the real motive behind the competitiveness of both sides from the article:
All of this paralleled a shift in popular notions of science from general systematized knowledge during the early 1800s to a special and unique sort of information by the early 1900s. These notions eclipsed habits of talk about the scientific method that opened the door to attestations of the authority of science in contrast with other human activities."
 "Such labor is the essence of what Thomas Gieryn (b. 1950) has called “boundary-work”that is, exploiting variations and even apparent contradictions in potential definitions of science to enhance one’s own access to social and material resources while denying such benefits to others."
Wow, no wonder our world looks the way it does. The so-called superior business model is nothing more than a cloak of Science wrapped around the the hidden ulterior motives of power, wealth, prestige and fame. This is what 100+ years of scientific enlightenment has brought us. It is insisted upon by many that the peer-review process is what keeps these flaws in check. The problem however is who are these peer-reviewers. Why we are told  that they are the Watchers and Safe Guarders of Science, but as someone once said, "Who's watching the Watchers ?" This is why true biomimicry or the practice of biomimetics can be used and practiced by the average person around the globe. Don't worry, you won't need some fancy title before your name nor Alphabet Soup initials after your name to arrive at correct conclusions. The  practice biomimetics is nothing more than viewing nature, observing how it really works and making practical application in your management practices after that. Word of caution however. Nature have been damaged. Much of the natural phenomena that used to be observed is either no longer existing or if it does, it's a bit rusted and in need of restoration. So the actual task will be more of a challenge than it was back over one hundred years ago when enlightenment took over and started to correct the imaginary perceived flaws that the later day experts saw in Nature when they attempted to make shortcut innovations to counter Nature's bad design and mistakes by means of those infamous copying errors and bad luck. Take a look below at areas where nature's engine still operates when all pistons are firing and no rust can be found.   
Back to the topic of Drought Resistant and what can be found outdoors when you read Nature's Book on the subject
image: Alpha AG Solutions 

image: Plant Healthcare Inc
Soak up the full view once again folks of the photo at top and the one to the right. This is not hidden rocket science for which only an arrogant self-promoting intellectual can grasp and understand. This is so simple that even a child gets it. Let's recap thru illustration. The pine seedling on the left represents a brand new factory stocked 1960s Chevrolet Chevelle SS 427 on the showroom floor of the Car Dealer. But the type of buyer for such an automobile is not satisfied with a factory stocked automobile. Clearly this buyer while originally attracted by the car's outward appearance and what the brochure said was under the hood (Bonnet), this type of buyer wants more and the pine seedling on the right represents a stock out of the showroom muscle car which is now equipped with Hooker Headers which provide further  enhanced performance. This same performance can be obtained with agricultural crops as well as plants in the urban landscape or the wildscape through the addition of mycorrhizal fungi. 

Now I figure there are a couple of reasons why BOTH the conventional Industrial Agro-Chemical-Biotech business model and the Industrial Organic business model leadership  refuses to discuss mycorrhizal fungi for enhanced performance, especially with regards the subject of drought resistance. First, let's be perfectly clear about what the reason is not. Neither side is ignorant nor stupid here when it comes to this specific subject of mycorrhizal fungi modifying and enhancing the performance of plants in resisting drought stress either under normal circumstances or in the News Reports of the coming apocalyptic climate change event which is forecasting hotter temps. So clearly it's something else and that something else is wealth, power and influential control over the globe's food supply. So let's illustrate even further to get the full flavour of how nature's mycorrhizal after market add on parts can improve high performance.

photo image by Terry Shea

Factory Stock 1970 Chevelle SS
The image above is a typical Dealership factory stock 1970 Chevelle SS with just the basics, much like any nursery grown plant germinated in a sterile environment minus all the modification tools and aftermarket parts found in Nature. Below is the after market purchased car where the owner has modified it with many add on parts, mostly unseen and under the hood where it counts, but also reflective on the outside with exterior decor. Any Questions ???
image: Wikipedia by Vegavairbob
1970 Chevelle SS 396 Hardtop Coupe
So how does this above illustration help us understand the unseen modifications which make all ecosystems a success in an undisturbed scenario where humans hands are absent ??? There is also a word of caution to be noted here. Going the holistic approach route is not going to be an over night success story where you take a bag of Mike Amaranthus' MycoApply and view it as magic dust which is going to provide you with a high yield success story that first farm crop growing year.
Anyone who would believe this is not taking into account of the need to rebuild the soil health by increasing the mycorrhizal fungi  through cover crops which the industrial agriculture business model has for the most part effectively destroyed through excessive overuse of industrially produced synthetic chemicals [fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, etc] Those 'glittering promotional Adverts' are the type of advertising normally found in the propaganda storytelling from the real world of Agro-Chemical sales pitchmen. Like building a high performance muscle car, any Car Mechanic will tell you there are far more after market parts which are needed for that full muscle car potential can be realized. A Film TV or Movie Star, Sports Star, Political darling or whatever takes years building up their careers to attain that celebrity status. It doesn't come over night. however, one single act of stupidity and foolishness can destroy a career seemingly over night. In order to recover, they must rebuild and hopefully regain the public trust that was lost by a stupid life changing decision. The same believe it or not is true of soil health. Nature took 10s of 1000s of years to build and sustainability maintain that healthy soil systems for which one act of industrial irresponsibility has ruined in a short period of time [mere decades] that cannot be repaired over night. You need to rebuild the soil with not only the multi-species blends of mycorrhizal fungi and beneficial bacterial, but also the cover crops for which they thrive and do their work at building up the microbial soil carbon necessary for crop success. This may take a year or two, but the long term health benefits and money savings are well worth it.

image by Mycorrhizal Applications Inc
Factory Stock Corn Plant on the left and Corn Plant on the
right modified with Nature's aftermarket high performance
modification parts.
Any Questions ???

While certainly there is money to be made in the farming and sales of mycorrhizal products, it's not the same type of obscene profiteering that comes with the deluge of chemical cocktails and outrageously priced seeds as the situation exists today. The Mycorrhizal approach is long term, where the agro-chemical & Biotech business model practices are short term. Both effect the environment in differing ways, one good and one bad. Aside from providing drought resistance, in order to thrive, it is imperative that mycorrhizal crops not be heavily fertilized or the colonization process is in danger of failure. In conventional farming, the biological crop root absorption components are limited as compared to performance enhanced mycorrhizal rooting infrastructure. Hence under the industrial model, it's a numbers game. Saturate the soil with heavier than necessary chemical fertilizers than is actually required by the plant and hope like heck a certain percentage sucks in somewhere. All excess as we know becomes runoff waste which pollutes lakes, streams, rivers and eventually the oceans. Over fertilization of plants triggers an epigenetic off switch which informs the plant that it doesn't need the mycorrhizae and that causes the crop plant to stop the manufacture of the signaling chemical formula released from it's roots which alerts the fungal spores to germinate onto the potential plant host's root system. Over abundance of food resources tell the plant it doesn't need help from any mycorrhizal partner. So perhaps you can see why very powerful Industrial Agro-Chemical companies would prefer to keep the status quo and why Biotechs will never discuss or consider it for drought stress. But there is no excuse for the Industrial Organic side unless they too have their own version of products for sale. And yes they do. The biggest problem is that most people haven't taken the time to read Nature's book and really decipher what is being said and in turn making practical application of what has been observed.

Human Beings forget or maybe take it for granted that Nature is really an owner's manual book that is not only decipherable, but eager to be read, as if in the very beginning it were written to be so. The problem today is that powerful forces from this world's various authorities [both powerful political & corporate business interests] have tried to censor what is written in nature's book with their version of a Gestapo tactics of a black marking pen to blot out what corporate entities imagine to be damaging information to the present consensus science. In other cases they have gone and deliberately ripped pages out of this book by means of grand scale habitat destruction by means of a figurative book burning demonstration in public squares and the invaluable information is no longer available by observation. It's called extinction at worst, whether we are talking various component organisms or entire ecosystems or at best, still existing, but in hidden away in small niches still untouched and unexplored by humans. Much of what was natural phenomena no longer exists in most places around our globe and trying to bring back what was lost can only been found in some cases in historical journals or diaries of early explorers over one hundred years ago. Nature's book today is a mere shadow or dust cloud as far as the full richness of what it's former historical glory once was. There are attempts to say the information in that book was never there, or such and such functions in Nature never worked that way. There are clearly attempts by large corporate business interests to rewrite Nature's book, but the spurious scriptural texts they replace the original information with are exposed when we see it doesn't harmonize with the rest of the chapters. Most chapters in Nature's book can be looked upon and viewed as various ecosystems which though clearly different from one another have the same basic fundamentals and principles which guide and direct the life within them.

Illustration by Jakub Vitek
The idea of viewing our natural world as a book of nature is not just a metaphor. In nature's book you can even cross reference and find that it will easily and clearly define itself. This makes it easy to spot spurious texts (modern day innovations-techniques which actually ruin) which have been altered by outsiders with ulterior motives. From the WikiQuotes page, Albert Einstein famously remarked that "the eternally incomprehensible thing about the world is its comprehensibility." Clearly, he knew that it is possible to read Nature's book and unveil the mystery within, but it takes great effort, patience, determination and the proper motivation in making practical application of things learned through observation. Unfortunately, we don't actually have a scientific world which follows this rule. There will be defenders who will insist otherwise, but the main problem has always been historically the people who run the scientific orthodoxy and they are committed to giant corporate business interests. Academia is shackled to the same flaws, they need funding and this more often than not soils and corrupts the landscape of truth. The old time traditional Science of Discovery and Wonder has been replaced by industrial corporate interests. 

I'll close this with another interesting link from Penn State University's Agricultural Extension on the subject of mycorrhizae which I found very simple to read, understandable and very informative at the same time. After that I'l provide the promised picture gallery which itself is educational.
Mycorrhizal Fungi and Crop Root Photos  Gallery

image: Mycorrhizal Applications Inc
Corn Control vrs Mycorrhizal Corn in Thailand
Millborn Seeds Inc - South Dakota, USA


Photo courtesy - Eddie Loy of Star Seed Inc - Delphos, Kansas, USA


Corn Drought Stress Graph - University of Wisconsin, USA
Special note on cover crops and their importance which also has implications for restoring large acreage involving both ecosystem habitats and mismanaged rangelands infested with noxious weeds 
Image: DuPont - Pioneer Seed

These photo images both above and below are crops which exhibit what is called Crop Fallow Syndrome (CFS Syndrome). The Corn in the picture above on the right hand side in the photo is exhibiting (CFS Syndrome) following corn planting after the growth and harvest of Sugar Beets (nonMycorrhizal plant). In the picture below here the Corn on the left hand side of the photo was grown after Soybean (Mycorrhizal host plant) cover crop, but the Corn on the right hand side was grown following Canola (nonMtcorrhizal plant). Allowing the land to remain fallow between crops is also detrimental to a mycorrhizal soil. The Mycorrhizal fungi cannot live and thrive without a host and therefore perishes and allows a bacterial system to take control of the soils. This favours other nonMycorrhizal plants used as cover crops like Mustard, Canola, Buckwheat, forage Radish, Camelina, etc. But you should also take note that this is what allows weeds (ruderals) to thrive and it should illustrate why weed invasive plants have taken over many parts of the earth because of ignorance towards land management. This includes both agricultural crop production, Rangeland management for grazing operations, weed problems faced in the urban landscape both with homeowners, commercial and municipal landscape projects and their employees. Can you now understand how the practices which favour a bacterial soil system also favour the industrial Agro-chemical business model and why these entities try so hard to stifle and squelch any positive information to be published or spoken about ?

Had mycorrhizal fungi been more respected and understood in it's role as an ecosystem maintenance tool, we wouldn't be fighting wild mustard and radish, we would be dealing with Yellow Star Thistle and Cheatgrass, etc, etc, etc. Please ponder, meditate and think deeply the next time you are outdoors in any type of plant restoration establishment and maintenance project (garden, urban landscape, habitat restoration, commercial farm, etc), because disrespecting what you cannot see will reveal itself eventually by the eventual negative conditions you do see. As for Farmers, for agriculture to improve, there are some major deprogramming to be undertaken with both men and women being sent back to school to study Nature's tool-kit book and how the real world in the outdoors really works. Same can be said for people who claim they love gardening and landscaping, even habitat restoration.

On a similar topic note, you may find two New York Times article on combating Cheat Grass by microbiological controls, one a bacteria and the other a fungus very interesting & informative:

Researchers Find Ways to Fight Cheatgrass, A Western Scourge
Out West, ‘Black Fingers of Death’ Offer Hope Against an Invader

Photo: Penn State Agricultural Extension

Important Update October 15, 2015:  
"Gabe Brown: Keys To Building a Healthy Soil"
I'm including this video about building up soil health which is being presented by a North Dakota Farmer named Gabe Brown who farms over 5000+ acres. For all the in your face Industrial Agriculture proponents who tell you an organic approach that replicates Nature's biological soil building program won't provide high yields, they are either totally ignorant of how nature actually works or they are out right lying for their preferred business model. The video below is exactly what I have been doing in Habitat restoration and commercial landscape installation and maintenance. It runs about an hour, some give yourself some time.
"It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends upon his not understanding it!"
Upton Sinclair 

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

The World's Catch 22 with Alternative Energy Schemes

While there is no doubt the world needs safer alternatives to the conventional energy technologies they've been using, the present rush to schemes they've been pursuing have their own disadvantages as well. Just my personal feelings and opinion of course.

Image: BHE Renewables

Topaz Solar Farms construction site, Carrisa Plains, CA

Take a moment, 2.40 minutes to be exact and watch the video of the Topaz Solar Farms construction site which is located on the Carrisa Plains of Central California. Almost close to four years of ongoing construction, plus three years of planning and permitting, the $2.4 billion, 550-megawatt Topaz Solar Farm is the first of this size in operation. Then when it is finally finished it will be primed to sell power to California utility PG&E. The project is owned and operated by MidAmerican Energy, a subsidiary of Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway. It's a huge ocean of over 9 million solar panels on a massive amount of once agricultural land.

There is no doubt or argument that mankind has got to pursue some  kind of healthier energy alternatives to the present failed not so ecological system they have used from the beginning of energy generating systems from the industrial revolution onward. As always, many things humans pursue comes at an ecological price and while Wind and Solar are being touted as the answer to everything wonderful with Eco-Green, there are high costs here as well from an ecological standpoint. Problem is, it is popular today for many who are involved in such money making eco-schemes to demonize anyone who may criticize such projects where unforeseen ecological consequences were never well thought out. The potential for profit and unbridled pursuit of wealth tends to put race horse blinders on such individuals where instead of responsible peripheral vision, we get planners and investors with tunnel vision. Point such concerns out to these industrialists and their proponents and all manner of insults, derogatory name calling and labeling people with legitimate concerns as nothing more than Anti-Science. This is of course the usual cowards way out when no viable answers are forthcoming. This is also a popular tactic in other areas of industrial science where big business interests must be defended at any cost. I'll list a number of my own personal concerns, many of which I have read about and some of which very little attention has been addressed. The NASA pictures below illustrate not only how the landscape has changed, but also the decline of vegetation with regards the present severe drought.

NASA Photos of Change where Topaz Solar Farm is located
Water Issues: unwashed Solar Panels don't generate as efficiently as clean ones

Sandia National Laboratory

Mr Twister mirror washing machine is the most cost-effective

 method of cleaning mirrors at Kramer Junction solar plant
 in the Mojave Desert, USA.

Image: iClean Endinburgh
This is a huge issue and far bigger than when it was first brought up by many environmental organizations over a decade ago. Presently the region of western United States and in particular, California, are in the middle of one of the worst droughts in the history of the state. Water is becoming more and more scarce and getting more and more expensive. The question that keeps coming up is where will they get water from in the future ? It has become important for another Industrial Science backed business model, Agriculture, to sink deeper wells and tap into already vastly depleted underground aquifers. Latest News Headlines are "San Joaquin Valley is Sinking." And yet out in the Mojave Desert far removed from Aqueduct infrastructure for irrigation needs, they have tapped into deep previously untapped aquifers for their Solar Panel washing maintenance needs. Not cleaning is not an option for success. These solar farms have also been constructed in a way that has completely destroyed the biological soil crusts which actually help keep the desert's dust down. Now those dust storms have increased and dirty panels DO NOT function well. 


So industrial equipment is needed for industrial cleaning of Solar Farms. This requires massive amounts of water from unsustainable sources. I say unsustainable because there is no way to replace what has been pumped deep from within the earth. The other dangers are the lowering of water tables which can also dry up the very few precious artesian springs that remain throughout the Mojave, Colorado and Sonoran Desert environments. Countless wildlife [animals, birds, reptiles, etc] are terribly dependent on such natural watering holes. Even desert plants with the deep root systems which redirect water distribution through hydraulic lift for other surrounding plants may also be in trouble. See, there is this thing called domino effect and lack of foresight to envision any dire consequences in the future. 

Pressure Washing Phoenix - Power Washing Phoenix AZ 

The worst target areas are of course the obvious ones, Deserts in the southwest. One also has to consider that these same scenarios are going to play out across the globe in like semi-arid and arid habitats. Europe has big plans for creating Industrial Solar complexes in the Sahara Desert in North Africa that will be the size of some of their own small to medium countries within the E.U. Google the Net and you will see all types of businesses have sprung up around this industry in the form of various maintenance services like the one above in and around the Phoenix area of Arizona. So where do they get their water ? Ideally that water needs to be as clean and purified as possible. Human drinking quality if possible. Then there are those automated cleaning systems within city infrastructures and services from companies offering self-service hands off gadgets which only require one minute washing and one minute rinse from sprinkler heads. Having been in the landscape irrigation maintenance system business, I can assure you the heads will always require some type of tedious regular maintenance of keeping mineral deposits and other debris out of those jets. Water waste is almost always assured.

Image: Solar Power World
Solar Power World: "Fighting Dirty: Manual Washing vs. Automatic Cleaning of Solar Modules" 
WEEDS: Grassland Fires and Herbicides

Image: KSBY News
Remember the story at the top of this post on the Topaz Solar Farm complex which was so vast across the Carrisa Plain and growing ? In that video at the minute mark 1:35, I noticed another issue with the potential for problems and that was the dried foxtail grasses underneath the Solar Panels. Well, well, well, lo and behold on July 2nd, 2015 just this past month there was a grass fire on that site which the cause is still under investigation. The suspect electrical problems and sparks under one of the panels. The potential for wildland fires and weeds was a given, but just how will these giant industrial solar farms deal with these weeds ? Well, there is not a whole lot of info out there on that question. Other than a couple of photos on the internet and honorable  mention in some literature, there's just not a lot of information out there. But the grass fire is still under investigation with speculation it was something electrical under the panels. Of course no mention of possible employee cigarette being discarded, but then what self-respecting employee would jeopardize his own job anyway by doing something stupid like coming forward ?
Fire Breaks out at Topaz Solar Farm
This also happened a couple years earlier at Intel's Solar Farm site near Folsom, California where dry dead grass caught fire when landscapers were trying to clean the areas underneath the panels. Here is a link to that event with video. Now in the video, the firefighters and news people were calling the plant material brush, but trust me, it started in the dead grass. Brush may have been on the outlying borders of the solar panels, but the fire started in dry dead grass under panels.

Grassland fire has the incredible potential for wildfire destruction, even more so than chaparral as it can accomplish the damage in a faster shorter amount of time before help arrives. Take a look at the photos of Morgan County Colorado's "Last Chance Fire" and what happen to the electrical infrastructure:
Flickr: "Morgan County Colorado: "Last Chance Fire"

photo by Knut Loschke

This a photo of a Solar Farm near Markranstädt, 

Germany in 2011. It's a weed-ridden solar installation.

Both these photos above and below are examples of overgrown weed infestation in regions where far more rainfall is recorded. Namely Germany and Canada. So how do they deal with such weed management ? Conventionally speaking, the scary scenario is the usual industrial science-based chemical herbicide control through spraying. What scares me is we aren't really necessarily talking about Roundup by Monsanto here. We're talking something far more dangerous if the Solar Farm industries really want to cut corners and save lots of money so that their bottom line looks much better to investors. How does that happen ?? Scroll down, look at the Oil Field and I'll let you in on a secret and personal story.

Thin-film, fixed-tilt power plant in Ontario, Canada 

Take a close look at any oil field anywhere in Southern California and notice there are little to NO WEEDS anywhere. Why ??? The companies cannot afford any type of vegetation fire [especially grass fires] any where near their dangerous volatile oil wells. An oil well fire is both dangerous and expensive to put out. With that in mind, in 1989-90 when I worked for Coors-Biotech, it was my job to work closely with our distributors of our natural solvent, most of whom were chemical distributors. One of our distributors lived in Santa Barbara California and his customer base was mainly the Oil Industry. He told me back then that his Oil Company clients demanded a type of chemical herbicide which had a seven years minimum guarantee of not only killing the weeds but would also sterilize the soil so as to not allow anything to grow on that land for at the very least seven years. I remember how that spooked me. The idea that Chemical companies such as Dow, DuPont or Monsanto had the ability to invent such a creation that would completely destroy all biological life in the soil for such an incredible long duration. Shouldn't have been surprised. Remember Agent Orange ???  In Vietnam there are literally still chemical effects of the junk the US Military sprayed there, especially around former US Air Force bases. Vegetation was considered an aid to the enemy. See the photograph below and the bluish tint around oil wells ? This is a dye they put into the herbicide to identify areas already sprayed with the chemicals. Seriously, take an opportunity, drive up to Bakersfield and surrounding Oil towns and communities and see for yourself what the Oil & Gas Industry has done to the landscape. Once again, I just don't trust what may be used in the future on Solar Farm sites which can ill afford multi-billion dollar equipment destroyed in a grass fire. BTW, wildfire was always a known issue for Topaz Solar Farm as you can see in the link below. Herbicides are mentioned along with grazing, but they make no mention of just what would be used.
Wildfire Management Plan: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California

Image: Percy Feinstein/Corbis

Overlooking Chevron's Kern River oil field with the Sierra Nevada in the background, March 30, 2015
Where should Solar Farms be located & whose backyard ???
Photo courtesy Laura Cunningham, Basin and Range Watch

As of 2010 Energy Developers had presented the federal Bureau of Land Management with 75 applications to build solar facilities within the Mojave desert.

"A solar panel 100 miles by 100 miles in the Mojave Desert (USA) could replace all the coal burned to generate electricity in the entire U.S."
Louis A. Del Monta, Physicist, Author and CEO 

image: Solarindia
The picture at top is of the Mojave desert expanse which is considered a goldmine operation for the Solar and Wind power industry. Why ? Because as the quote above alludes to, this land is almost always considered a waste, worthless and good for nothing else. However, had the land been something like the photo at right from Solar India where huge tracts of some type of beautiful green forests were cut down and massive Solar Farms replacing it, there would be outrage and protests from all sorts of activists. Deserts somehow don't draw that much attention with the exception of a few people who have been watchdog on the Solar and Wind Industry's often unchecked activities. So deserts generally have gotten a pass when it comes to taking seriously their real worth. I have no problem with pursuing such ideas about Wind and Solar power, but the obsession with the rush for free land and potential for profiteering, which has gotten this world in trouble in the first place is the wrong motive if the justification is to ease climate change. For the most part I have a strong dislike of the industrial business model for anything. Just my opinion of course. The large scale operations that exist presently are totally unnecessary if you take into account the numerous ugly human infrastructure that already exists and could be utilized as space for alternative power generation. Take a look at examples I have always looked at below and how they should have been implemented in the Southwest's alternative energy schemes. 


Back in 2013, India inaugurated the first of a series of interconnected Solar Projects over irrigation canals which would not only generate power, but also slow evaporation of water from the irrigation canals. The entire network when completed will be over 85,000 kilometers or 52,816 miles long. This also implies that 11,000 acres of land can be potentially conserved along with about 5,000+ gallons of water saved per year. Now here is my question, How can a country like India which is poorer and if you believe the propaganda, more inferior technologically speaking as compared to the United States, how can they come up with such innovative clever ideas ? For one thing, they do not have the land area to waste  on massive land gulping Solar Projects as the USA does. They need every bit of arable farmland they can save to feed their population which is huge as compared to the USA. This is more of a corporate business as usual model. There is no reason the concrete lined All American Canal and Coachella Canal could not have such Solar infrastructure built over it. The advantages would be plenty of available water to filter, clean and purify for washing the solar panels and excess water draining back into the canal.

Image: Comaco Concrete Lining Technology

All American Canal, Imperial County
Every single canal aside from All American and Coachella should have a solar infrastructure built over the top not only to save land area, but also water. Also smaller, but large infrastructure network of their canal system like Westside Main Canal and Eastside Main and all smaller canals in between. Still, what is incredible, is that India has to come up with these simple brilliant ideas. One wonders what has been getting in the way of such planning over in the United States.

Narmada Canal solar power project in India saves agricultural fields for farming

With the Imperial Irrigation Water District making deals to sell off water rights to San Diego just to the west along California's coast and less water for the conventional farming, many farmers in Imperial Valley are taking up farming solar as a business. Such projects on former farmland are the Signal Mountain Solar Project. Still, such areas will be weed prone and we wonder what methods will be used for such control. Traditionally, Imperial Valley has always relied on chemicals. Count on the status quo continuing here.

Signal Mountain Solar Project west of Calexico and almost a stones throw from Mexico 
Below are some more human infrastructure example which need no explanation.

South Korea Bikelane

South Korea running 20 miles between the cities of Daejeon and Sejong, they can be running down the median of a six-lane highway

Sonnenschiff solar city in Freiburg, Germany

Dragon-Shaped Solar Stadium in Taiwan is 100% Powered by the Sun  Read more: Dragon-Shaped Solar Stadium in Taiwan is 100% Powered by the Sun 

Photo: Clean Technica

Solar carports have a double benefit: generating renewable
 energy and reducing the island heat effect
And finally, Wildfire Danger Component variables most News Reports don't touch

Solar Panel fires are more common than I first thought when I wanted to address debris under solar panels on roofs and maintenance. Almost nothing out there on leaves, pine needles and other debris collecting under non maintained solar panels on home roofs and creating a wildfire hazard. Seriously, nothing! However there were numerous reports and pictures on electrical issues, fires and dangers for firefighters trying to put out fires on solar rooftops. Apparently there are numerous companies who jumped on board the climate change band wagon of solar craze, who took advantage of government grants and/or loans in the USA & around the world and have since gone bankrupt leaving customers with junk panels which are grossly inefficient and dangerous reputation for starting fires, even after supposed fixes and corrections are made. As I stated, I was originally only interested in the maintenance issues for homeowners and wildfire, but clearly there is far more dirt behind the scenes than mere leaves. Below is a commentary of one such dangerous issue with Solar Panels.
"When a panel fails, fire is a real danger." 
 "We have had roofs burn. On the composition it has burned and the actual panel catches on fire," said Owens.

"In fact, it could have very well been an open flame underneath here with vegetation," said Kauffman.   
At a dual solar generating and panel testing station in sunny Davis, BP panels fail regularly. "One day, the worst happened when flaming debris hit the grass below." 
 "Caught the grass on fire and there was a breeze blowing and that grass actually turned into a grass fire that burned and burned about 25, 30 acres of crops," said Bill Brooks of Brooks Solar Engineering.

Below here is what I was more concerned with as far as maintenance issues because I used to work with and maintain client rooftops and rain gutter drainage problems in the landscape on some of the commercial properties we maintained. The worst problem I ever encountered are the rain gutter designs of aluminum awnings associated with Mobile Homes. They are almost impossible to clean without a hose with intense pressure jet nozzle and even then it's time consuming, messy and wastes tonnes of water. If you don't clean them then the rainwater will never drain down the spouts and the buildup always allowed for weeds to grow and die with the onset of summer. Big time fire hazard and there are literally millions of these Mobile Home Awnings with these problems everywhere throughout Southern California. 

Image: manufactured Home Pros

I seriously find this subject hard to believe that nobody has lost a house due to leaves, needles and other debris collecting in the spaces between the solar panels and the house rooftops before. The photo at top is what I dealt with every single fall in preparation for winter rains. Even in open air spaces with no trees nearby, tree leaves and other debris blew high up on the wind currents from great distances and collected under awning tight spots. That's just the nature of the world we live in. Maintenance and cleanliness is a must. But the other danger I found is electrical shock to firefighters because every single little photovoltaic cell continues to produce electricity as long as there is sunlight hitting them. Hence this is a very real danger to firefighters on rooftops and they are aware of this. Spraying water on such electrical panels is a risk as well.

There are clearly without question great uses for solar power in many applications, especially areas of remote road signs and equipment like earthquake monitoring devices, etc. But there are also drawbacks. I haven't even touched on the issues with dangers to wildlife from both the  Industrial Solar projects and Industrial Wind Turbine projects, but they are very real. You can google that and other info as well. But caution needs to be taken when you are searching for the right manufacturer and system design. There have been clearly many bad experiences by large seemingly reputable solar companies who have shafted homeowners, investors as well as the Governments. The dire circumstances regarding climate change and need for alternative energy from what mankind has been pursuing and ruining the earth is very real, but you should also be well aware that the public relations behind the alternative energy movement is also taking advantage of this dire need for marketing their business for profit purposes as well. Short cuts are taken for maximizing profits. Should be no surprise here since it is that way when it comes to  merchandising anything across the globe. That's the reality of the world we are forced presently to live in. The pursuit of eco-green innovation and solutions however never seems to require humans to alter their own personal resource wasting lifestyles and I can tell you with extremes in climate change, both extreme in temperatures with both heat and cold, the demands for energy will skyrocket at more costs. Pursue a greener lifestyle, but also take a grain of salt to all the sales pitches on alternative energy ideas, especially when someone is trying to sell you something they manufacture. Historically everything humans have done comes with a price and unforeseen consequences, no matter how good the sales pitch and pretty the picture they paint on it. It's called do your own Homework people!