Thursday, October 19, 2017

Feel fuller, longer with Mushrooms ???

Another interesting New study which discovers how mushrooms can be as satiating as meat when protein levels are matched

But which mushrooms ??? Wood ear, crimini, oyster, Italian brown, enoki, white button, stuffing, shiitake, chanterelle, and portobello mushrooms were compared to see which was best at inhibiting aromatase enzyme activity. You'll be surprised.

Another kool study on a natural food item which can aid in weight loss. Remember my last post on the weight loss benefits of Olive Oil. So many interesting articles on how Mushrooms can fuel batteries, inspire tiny homes, be grown in diapers and even create building "sausages," which just might help construct the homes of  the future. But now we read that they can also help with weight loss. Paul Stamets even says they can save the universe. Well, maybe just the earth and reverse climate change. He gets overly excited about mushrooms. The Soil people say grassfed beef can reverse climate change. The reality is that to save the earth, all people in general all around the globe need to make numerous lifestyle changes and create different behavioral patterns, but how likely is that ?

In this new study published by the Mushroom Council in Eurekalert, an organization that obviously has a vested interest in promoting the benefits of edible fungi – 32 women and men were split into two groups. One group ate 226 grams of sliced white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) twice a day while the other consumed 28 grams of meat twice a day. Those amounts contained equal amounts of protein, which proved significant in the study, with results showing that the people who included the mushrooms in their diets reported feeling significantly fuller and less hungry than the meat eaters. They also tended to eat less calories during the day if they started with the mushrooms in their breakfasts.
"Previous studies on mushrooms suggest that they can be more satiating than meat, but this effect had not been studied with protein-matched amounts until now," said gut health and satiety researcher and study author Joanne Slavin, PhD, RD, professor at the University of Minnesota. "As with previous published research, this study indicates there may be both a nutritional and satiating benefit to either substituting mushrooms for meat in some meals or replacing some of the meat with mushrooms."
Without adding anything further, you can read the rest of the account in the link below:
EurekAlert: "Feel fuller, longer with mushrooms"
Hmmmm 😏, Brown vrs White Button Mushrooms 😋

Interesting study and comparison of which mushrooms have some of the best nutritional properties. Here is the Youtube link (HERE).
Here is the link to the actual PubMed published study (HERE).
But on the subject of whicch one is best ? I like both 😁
Some Great Reference Links
Kitchn: "What's the Difference Between Cremini and Portobello Mushrooms?"

Friday, October 13, 2017

Human disconnect to reality of our times is like an infection and it's spreading

American Museum of Natural History

Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Jose, Lee, Katia, Maria, Nate, etc & that's just the Atlantic stuff. A plethora of devastating Earthquakes, Wldfires, Terror attacks and an impossible Mega-Tsunami refugee crisis in multiple regions around the world which are well beyond fixing. And what are most of the world's mainstream & social Media and their koolaid drunk followers focussed on ? Still trying to score political Brownie Points against their imaginary opponents. Anyone else find it uncanny how lulled to sleep everyone is becoming ? Rather than say much more which would be pointless anyway as far as holding your attention, I find pictures and illustrations much more effective. Last week I was in Copenhagen, Denmark, for a school. Five days of intensive study and discussion, also being without television or internet, I was clueless as to what was happening on the outside world. So I'll just focus on a few particular bits of News I missed about a further hurricane mess which happened while I was gone and a few things since. This is the Category 5 Hurricane Maria which steamrolled over what Hurricane Irma bulldozed the previous week. Not to mention many of the other countless devasting happenings which are taking place somewhere in the world every time you flick on the News.


This Category 5 Hurricane Maria hit practically straight on with the island of Dominica with Martinique close on the south and Guadeloupe on the north. Prior to all of this happening, Hurricane Irma and Jose hit many of these tiny islands. The island of Barbuda is now totally unlivable with everyone having been ordered to evacuate. In the Hurricane pathway map above, you can track where it went and at what strength. You can see above map of solid red where Hurricane Maria's eye wall is poised to make direct landfall on Dominica.
Carribean Island of Dominica
Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images
Roseau, the capital of Dominica, suffered devastating damage from Hurricane Maria. Anyway, here is a link to the devastation in Dominica (HERE). After bulldozing and steamrolling all over Dominica, US Virgin Islands & Puerto Rico were it's next direct targets.
St Thomas Island & St John Islands
Hilary Swift for The New York Times

The Caneel Bay resort on St. John was heavily damaged as
was most of the surrounding wild forests & other vegetation.

Hilary Swift for The New York Times

The Solar panels that provided a small percentage of power
 for St. Thomas were destroyed by Hurricane Maria.
Puerto Rico's Aftermath from Two Major Hurricanes
Ricardo Arduengo / AFP / Getty
After the passage of Hurricane Maria, a man rides his bicycle through a storm-damaged road in Toa Alta, west of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Alvin Baez / Reuters
Cars and people stop on a highway near a mobile phone antenna tower to check for mobile phone signal in Dorado

Joe Raedle / Getty
Telesforo Menendez surveys the damage in his neighborhood in Hayales de Coamo, Puerto Rico
Hector Retamal / AFP / Getty
Storm-damaged homes and vegetation on a mountainside in Naranjito, southwest of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Carlos Giusti / AP
Trees are reflected in the water in the Buena Vista community, in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria in San Juan
Carlos Garcia Rawlins / Reuters
People gather on the roof of a damaged house after the area was hit by Hurricane Maria in Yabucoa
Ricardo Arduengo / AFP / Getty
A house sits precariously in an area affected by landslides in Corozal, southwest of San Juan, Puerto Rico
Carlos Garcia Rawlins / Reuters
Fallen power lines and storm damage in Humacao, Puerto Rico.
No More Agriculture in Puerto Rico 
Hector Retamal / AFP / Getty
A cow lies dead after the storm in Ingenio, Toa Baja.
Carlos Giusti / AP
Dead horses lie on the side of the road after the passing of Hurricane Maria, in Toa Baja, Puerto Rico.
(Victor J. Blue/The New York Times)
Jose A. Rivera, right, and his brother Jose Ramon Rivera look over their destroyed plantain crops in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, on Sunday. For as far as they could see, every one of the 14,000 trees was down. “There is no more agriculture in Puerto Rico,” Jose A. Rivera said. “And there won’t be any for a year or longer.”
(Victor J. Blue/The New York Times)
Felix Ortiz Delgado examines the ruined nursery where he works as a foreman in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, on Sunday.
Earthquakes, Wildfires & Terror Attacks Oh My! 
Photograph: Omar Torres/AFP/Getty Images
The 7.1 magnitude earthquake is deadliest to hit country in more than 30 years and has brought down buildings in the capital, Mexico City. Emergency crews and volunteers are digging through rubble with their bare hands in search of trapped survivors after a powerful earthquake stuck central Mexico on Tuesday afternoon, toppling dozens of buildings and killing at least 225 people
Soldiers stood guard after a hotel collapsed in the town of Matias Romero, Oaxaca state. The 8.1 magnitude quake off the southern coast late Thursday was stronger than a devastating 1985 temblor that flattened swathes of Mexico City and killed thousands.
Erie News Now
The gunman in the mass shooting on the Las Vegas Strip on October 2, 2017, identified as 64-year-old Stephen Paddock. At least 58 people were killed and more than 500+ people were injured Sunday (Oct 2nd 2017) night when Stephen Paddock rained gunfire on concertgoers in Las Vegas, the deadliest mass shooting in modern US history.
Horrific Wildfires are plaguing California right now as they presently do elsewhere throughout the globe. In the above photo a postman delivers mail in fire-devastated Santa Rosa, California. The video was captured by Douglas Thron, an aerial cinematographer. Thus far as of my writing, 40+ people have died, 100s missing and 5,700+ homes and businesses destroyed and it's not even remotely over. Below here is an engine crew from the Berkeley Fire Department who shot this video as they arrived at the Tubbs Fire which had already burned into Santa Rosa destroying hundreds of homes. They were part of a five-engine strike team that had been told to stage at a K-Mart parking lot but when they arrived the entire store was engulfed in flames.

There's really not a whole lot more to say here. The pictures & google articles speak for themselves. But it's amazing how disconnected and out of touch most of the people are who are commenting on these events. Hard core Ideologues on various political sides rather than show genuine concern for fellow man are more interested in this stupid immature fingerpointing and scoring imaginary brownie points against their preceived worldview enemies. I'd encourage people everywhere reading to separate themselves from either side of this politically motivated controversy and consider what you can personally do for folks in need while at the same time watching carefully where you may be donating your money to what ever non-profits these days. There's really nothing more to say. I have 1000s of family and friends who are now organized and helping our folks who have been among the unfortunately ones to lose everything in all these events. The other  amazing thing here is that nobody even seems to be questioning why more and more of such devastating things are on the increase and at the same time viewing these as simply the new normal. No, this is NOT normal, it's the new abnormal folks. And you really need to start taking note. LIGHTLY brushing aside warnings can and will result in disaster. And what about Puerto Rico and the small island nations ? I doubt they will ever recover and it seems this incessannt politicking on all sides will keep the status quo around to the very end.
"And they took no note until . . . "
 Matt 24:39
"The nations on earth will be afraid . . . , and they won’t know what to do.  People will be so frightened that they will faint because of what is happening to the world." 
Luke 21:25-26
Reference Links to Photos & Articles

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Benefits of Olives and Olive Oil

Could Olive Oil be the key to weight loss? Scientists discover even the SMELL of it can make us feel full & not hungry
Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Okay, I have no clue as to the power of merely smelling olive oil making you feel full and not hungry. But when my wife and I were on the Greek island of Zakynthos, we went with a bus tour up into the mountains and stopped at the village called Agios Leon. There was a little Olive oil pressing factory there called Olive Oil Press Margaris Lamprinos & Co. Before we stopped, our lady tour guide who was from Finland and had lived there in Zakynthos for over 20 years, told us the story of the Mediterranean diet which includes generous use of Olive Oil. She said the Greeks don't cook with it so much as they pour it over food after it's been prepared. She said it is why many there are not overweight. She said it does something to improve your metabolism and make you feel  full and less hungry. Interesting note here on our tour guide lady. She was speaking Greek to the driver, but when spoke English, she sounded exactly like a friend of mine back in Anza. She even looked a bit like her. I actually thought so in the beginning of our trip, but didn't tell my wife until the lady revealed her country of origin. For those reading who know me up in Anza, I'm talking about Sirkka Rosada. How uncanny is that ? 😲 Whatever! 😎

Bus Tour to village of Agios Leon & Olive Press Co

The village where this olive oil press factory is location is mostly a mountainous terrain which offers excellent growing conditions for high quality olives and fine tasting olive oil. So we had the opportunity to tour the olive oil press company and get direct first hand look at the entire olive oil production process from the past to the present. We tasted their excellent virgin olive oil served with freshly baked homemade bread and local olives. And there were different flavours of olive oil. Some with a hint of garlic, orange or lemon. Others with different herbs. They offered two different types of whole olives and olive paste. Yesterday at 10:00 in the morning I ate some left over sweet potatoes, squash, onions and mushrooms with one hamburger patty my wife made the night before. But then I decided to pour some of the olive oil we bought over the reheated up food. But interestingly enough in the evening at about 6:00 in the evening, my wife wanted to know what I wanted for dinner and I said I really wasn't hungry and in fact I felt full. I had a small bowl of potato chips as a snack and and I didn't even like those. But then it hit me what I had done with the olive oil that morning, what it's effect was, what the tour guide said and what I found this morning in the Eureka Science Research Feed. 

There is a study by Virginia Tech researchers regarding the health benefits of olive oil. Two major things were found to improve. Diabetes and weight loss. The beauty of my own experience here is not that I read something first and decided to try it. But rather pouring the olive oil over food and not feeling hungry the rest of the day. Then remembering our road trip in Zakynthos and what was told to us, plus this article this morning. So here it is:
Virginia Tech News: "Virginia Tech biochemists dip into the health benefits of olives and olive oil"
I decided to google some other info and there is a lot in studies and articles out there. The usual problem with Scientists is that they are  generally by nature skeptical of natural methods of anything. If they can't synthesize and process something for corporate profit, then it must be no good. Anyway, here's another from Mail Online:
Mail Online: "Could olive oil be the key to weight loss? Scientists discover even the SMELL of it can make us feel full"
Anyway Enjoy! 😏

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

A child selling a "Box of Stones" for 25¢

Ever wished you could go back in time and do something all over again because it would have been the right thing to do ?
Image from "A Journey to Jordan"

This little boy in the picture is selling small stones (rocks) on the edge of a marketplace in Petra Jordan. He's most likely imitating what he sees all the adults doing in the local market place selling fresh vegetables, clothing, etc. I chose the picture above because it reminded my of my son when he was around the same age selling rocks he had collected on some of our hiking trips in and around the San Bernardino National Forest when we lived in the San Jacinto Mountains of Southern California. What triggered this memory of him was a song I just recently listened to written and sung by Benjamin Francis-Leftwich called, "A Box of Stones." More on that later at the end of my post. I suppose my son had gotten the idea of selling some rocks as a business because he had first hand watched me making a living selling bread & produce at some local markets & tourist places in western Riverside County. I often took him to work with me when he was two years old to the age of five in my Van. He stayed in a Car seat on the passenger side. I often stopped and took time out breaks at our favourite  locations like the Orange Empire Train Museum in Perris California. Other fun places were Nature spots along the National Forest highways when heading back home. Our life back then had numerous, "Like Father Like Son" moments.

Today people find little time for spending it with their children. But there are so many things that parents can do and share with their children that can have long lasting beneficial effects on their kids later in life. And not just parents, but adults in general can find numerous opportunities in daily life to encourage any young child they come across to go down a positive road which may be helpful later on in life. So I guess my son picked up on selling things and maintaining the merchandising displays from me. He often wanted assignments when we went into my customer's stores. The store owners & their employees often let him help stock the shelves and produce bins. He was four or five years old. Very early on he learn how to work and do chores, something sadly lacking in today's youth. Not all kids are fortunate enough to have adults acknowledge them and help them along. Take this one experience I had below at one of my customer locations in Romoland, California.

Photo - Ralph Martinez (2011)

This old produce stand above was called Mottes Romola Farms in Romoland California. It was a kool concept when local farmer Leon Motte and his wife built their produce stand concept. Leon and crew salvage several old barn and other buildings around the area along with railroad memorabilia like the old Boxcar on tracks used for storage. It was an old farm style concept patterned after another successful produce stand in Corona California called Tom's Farms. Both these tourist attractions were my customers. But this one experience I had with helping out a young boy from that area has always stayed with me. If you look at that photo above, the entrance has a ramp which gradually meets the parking lot. This one autumn in 1995, a young local boy from Romoland stood at the foot of that ramp selling a box of chocolates so that he could play with his team by purchasing a jersey so he could play baseball. For a month twice a week I came on a Monday and Thursday and there he stood. His face was often dirty as was his arms. His t-shirt and jeans were old and worn out with holes. Romoland was always a dumpy run down sort of community and the families who lived there were generally poor and on public welfare. Crime was a problem and I'm pretty certain family life wasn't exactly "Leave it to Beaver" world. But this little kid persisted and was determined. The majority of people ignored him as did I when I walk past and he'd ask me if I wanted to buy a candy bar. But one day after I said no thanks, I took note that he had more than the usual dejected look on his face that I had seen previously and when I went inside, I asked the store's owner what his story was. He said the little guy comes there every day about 11:00am and stands there for about three hours with most of the store's customers just ignoring him and not wishing to buy any of his candy, but he still came every day.
Andy Griffith Show - Opie & fredns selling salve
Companies have used kids all the time for selling various products in the old days. Not so much today, but if so then usually they are accompanied by a parent. Most kids fail at this. It's not even natural for adult people to cold call door to door. But a few come out ahead. I was one of those kids who did well. I felt bad about not purchasing the candy. After my delivery was finished, I looked for the boy, but he had already left. I found him crossing the field behind the produce stand. I ran after him and said I wanted to buy not just one, but five candy bars. (the candy was lousy) I figured that this boy coming from such a poor rough background and most likely tough home life, might be encouraged if someone showed a little interest in what he was doing. His face lit up with a smile. At least he wasn't out doing some sort of mischief activity as was common from this town. His situation  reminded me of an Andy Griffith episode where Opie and his friends were conned into selling salve which was a tough sell. I've often wondered what happened to that little kid and if what I did really made any difference. I'd like to think so. 

Image - Today's Parent
There are numerous opportunities in which any adult can encourage a child in a positive way. For example, have you ever realized that children can learn about giving from receiving ? They can be helped to learn the joys of giving, of serving, of sharing while they are still young enough to be molded. All adults, but especially parents, can help a child to see that there is real happiness to be found in giving, for example to you, to other children or to other grown-ups. Often times adults don't want to accept gifts from children, mistakenly thinking it shows love to let the children keep for themselves the gift they would given to them. But I once read something from the Awake magazine about one man who changed the way he viewed a child's giving:

“I used to refuse when a child offered me some of his candy. I thought I was being kind, not taking what I knew he liked so much. But when I refused and let him keep it all for himself, I didn’t see the joy I thought the child would show. Then I realized that I was rejecting his generosity, rejecting his gifts, and rejecting him. Thereafter I always accepted such gifts, to let him know the joys of giving.”

Image - The Andy Griffith Show

The photo above is Ron Howard's little brother who played Leon on the Andy Griffith Show. He was always offering Barney a bite of his gooey peanut butter sandwich. The gift was always rejected. Sometimes a little kid might offer you a piece of sticky yucky looking candy from their crusty looking bag. Next time try not rejecting the offer. Accept it and at least pretend to like it. You can disgreetly dispose of it when the child's not looking. Hopefully such an act will have a positive effect on a child who is forced to live in today's world of extreme negativity against children who no longer have an opportunity to grow up in an age of innocence. Back to the Benjamin Francis-Leftwich song, "Box of Rocks." It's both a lovely and painful song about losing a loved one. The lost loved one doesn't have to be about a sweetheart, but could easily be a friend or close family member. The song speaks of the imperfections and flaws of the one who was lost. Apparently in the song there were events which took place which revealed an incompatibility which interrupted the love and eventually lost. Sure enough we all have flaws. But in today's world, you have to try harder at making a difference in a world that encourages people to identify themselves by something they hate. Here's that sweet beautiful painful song "Box of Rocks" below.

Prior to moving over here to Sweden 11 years ago, I lost my son. I really wish all those years ago in 1994 when I came home tired from that long day's work that I had taken time to stop and buy one of those rocks from my 6 year old boy. Fortunately, my neighbour, Ray Rodriguez Jr, had just stopped his truck in the dirt road in front of our house where my boy had a box of rocks and signage saying "Rocks 25¢." He purchased one of those rocks. I really wish I had also bought one of those rocks too. Interestingly, this was that same summer when I bought the candy from that little kid from Romoland, California. Unfortunately it's too late. But not too late for someone else out there to do something encouraging with their child.

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Highways & Tunnels & Bridges Oh My!

"Landslide on California highway part of $1 billion in damage"
This is Part II of my post about the Central California Coast Highway and natural mishaps that have befallen the Big Sur area with wildfire and flooding. Part I is below.
Santa Lucia Coast Range & Big Sur California: An Environmental Wreck ???
Photo: John Madonna, Associated Press

In an ironic twist, I've had this post in draft form since December 15th 2016, yet I've spent so much time pondering how to find a way to conclude it and then suddenly this catastrophic event above took place in the very area I wanted to highlight an an example of infrastructure rethinking. This section of Pacific Coast Highway is notorious for is instability. There's really no bedrock, the soil is made up of loose soil and fractured rock on an extremely steep mountain slope. In so many ways the unstable geology here is reminsicent of the broken fractured geology of the Carrizo Gorge area of eastern San Diego County where a series of 17+ tunnels have always been in danger of total collapse as this tunnel #16 above right which was recently seen collapsed this year as seen in a January 31, 2017 YouTube video, weeds and large boulders obstruct the track. The American way of road building in the early days had many twists and turns. The roads didn't offend the landscape, but rather flowed along with it. In later years roads were straightened to increase speed and ease travel and this often meant blasting their way through mountains and other obstacles. Unfortunately many places are unstable and have a long history of bandaid fixes and patches, only to fall down again during the next storm or earthquake event. It was back in December 2016 that I saw what could be the answer to the bad stretch of roadway from the way sensitive care was taken by this article below. 
"Scientists hope a new approach to planning road infrastructure will increase crop yield in the Greater Mekong region while limiting environmental destruction, and open dialogues between developers and the conservation community"
University of Cambridge
image by Jianchu Xu & Biaoyun Huai

A new highway snakes through the mountains of the upper Mekong in the picture above & right which was needed to improve transportation infrastructure which would benefit the economy. But rather than tackling the steep unstable slopes along those hills and creating an ecological nightmare, they opted for something that would be intitially more expensive to build, but in the long run safer and easier to maintain while providing a better conservation purpose at less cost over time. The very first images that popped into my head when I read this study were the many dangerous landslide points along California's beautiful Pacific Coast Hwy 1. Had such dangerous locations been bypassed with more superior engineering at original construction, the loss of life, property and permanent damage to the environment would never have played out the way it has over the past several decades. Of course way back when it was first built, they most likely had very little money aside from technology. This mostly was a tourist scenic route as opposed to major economic transportation corridor which is east of here with Hwy 101. Not only would being a scenic route want to avoid tunnels, the geology would make it almost impossible just like San Diego's impossible railroad to Imperial Valley. Clearly there are many places along the coast highway where steep slopes should be abandoned and ocean infrastructure considered. And there is usually no consensus on how or if this should be done. Here are some of the ideological roadblock hatreds from two opposing sides as the article pointed out:
"Conservationists can to appear to oppose nearly all new infrastructure, while developers and their financial backers are often fairly mute on the environmental impact of their proposals. This can lead to a breakdown in communication." (University of Cambridge)
Maybe both environmentalists and developers should learn how to use the data to avoid building those so-called highways to hell. But I wouldn't bet on it. As it stands now, even some of the fix-it patches they have already done will always be subject to removal by Nature in one fell swoop no matter how sophisticated and technologically advanced they believe their skills are. 

Devil''s Slide area on Hwy 1 south of San Francisco
in rock fractured by faults in San Andreas zone.

image - California Department of Transportation
This construction zone at right is Pitkins Curve on State Highway 1, the California Department of Transportation is completing a bridge that juts out from the side of the cliffs, leaving the old highway to capture falling rocks which I believe is finished now. My wife and I passed through here heading south on Cabrillo Hwy 1 towards San Luis Obispo, California. Some would argue that it would ruin the scenery by putting part of the highway viaduct bridge off the shoreline into the water, but can we really say that these massive scars since the original construction are more scenic ? Below here is the finished product we drove through on our way south. 

Image - Joyce Cory (2014)

The Pitkins Curved Bridge and Rain Rocks Rock Shed Projects Video footage

I love this combination of half tunnel half bridge landslide shelter which respects that the area is slide prone and impossible to tame. This type of design allows for periodic sliding which is common feature of this geography. But it also hopefully allows no danger to befall automobile travelers along Hwy 1. This type of structure is uncommon to most of Southern California, but well known and very common in many of the northern parts of the world.
British Columbia's Hwy 1 Lanark Snow Shed is 316m long
Image - TranBC Canada
Above and Below are beautiful examples of what are termed either Snow Sheds or Avalanche Sheds.
Below is British Columbia's Great Bear Snow Shed on the Coquihalla Highway and it's interior drive
Image - CWMM  Consulting Engineers Ltd

Ultimately these types of partial tunnel shelter designs on mountain sides allow natural slides to occur rather than preventing them is what that Pitkins Curve Bridge is all about. Unfortunately such construction is rare in Southern California where weather and climate have traditionally been pleasant most of the time and allowed the State to save money by taking a shortcut approach which has allowed development to increase at a faster pace and that's ashame for both Humans and Nature.

Image - LE CHIC EN ROSE - Model Railway
I know, it's a model train, but scenes like this are common everywhere in the real world of Switzerland. The Swiss cannot afford to ruin and destroy or make mistakes on landscapes they do not have. One stupid engineering blunder could ruin a steep mountain valley and almost render it unusable forever by bringing an entire unstable mountainside down into a valley.
Image - Northwest Air News

Above here is the Golden Pass Scenic Train near Zwissimen station Switzerland. I remember traveling through many tunnels and avalanche shelters on the train back in 1976 when I first visited Europe. This photo above reminds me of that movie scene from the 1965 WWII flick, "Von Ryan's Express," where Frank Sinatra single handedly holds off all those German soldiers in that Alps avalanche tunnel while his fellow prison camp escapee comrades make it over the border from Italy into Switzerland. All through the Alps these incredible infrastructures were everywhere and many of them seemed to have been built a century ago. Even the numerous public walkways or pathways and trails are all lined with stone along terraced hillsides to prevent erosion and degredation which were meant to last for centuries. Much of this careful done by hand has lots of natural character while providing a more maintenance free infrastructure system. Nothings perfect, but this kind of thinking is as close as you get. It's a work of Art.
image -

Public Pathways in Switzerland's Lavaux Wine Region
What about Tunnels and Wildlife Corridors ???
Image -

Image - SoCal
Early traditional road building like that of the iconic American highway Route 66 often flowed with the landscape's natural geography. It rarely offended the land by blasting through formidable mountain barriers for a more straighter convenient tourist travel. The early roads hugged river canyons, had many "S" curves, some like this one on the right called 'Deadmans Curve' which is old Hwy 99 through California's Grapevine Canyon which was eventually replaced & road straightened when Interstate 5 was constructed. I can understand thier reasoning, but why not make a short tunnel through that low hillside which would allow deer, mountain lion and other large animals easy access to the riparian canyon corridor below without danger of crossing the freeway ? Large cuts in roadways are also constantly subject to slides in California either by heavy rain storms or earthquakes. 

Postcard image -
Above is an old postcard photo of an early Hwy 99 switchback roadway up the canyon. I get the reasoning for straightening out a endlessly twisting roadway infrastructure for convenience and safety. But long term maintenance and forethought should also have been considered and incorporated into many design plans for Interstate 5 and they weren't.
Image - Matt Beckstead 2011
This photo above is a wildlife ecoduct on the highway from Calgary, Alberta to Invermere, British Columbia. Over here in Sweden, while I'm not exactly keen on many things about living here, I do respect and applaud their numerous attempts at tunnels and wildlife overpasses like these two examples above and below. When we travel to Oslo Norway or Stockholm Sweden, these infrastructures are all along the route. They allow Moose and large Elk to travel from one side of the motorway to the other. It prevents automobile collisions with these large animals which also saves human life. Are they really all that complicated to design and build ? I come from Southern California which in the decades since WW II has had excessively almost unrestricted growth and doing things cheaply has been their road most taken. However in the long run many areas are ongoing maintenance nightmares.

Image - PDI
Smithsonianmag: "Worlds Coolest Animal Bridges"
Main Reasons for Highway Wildlife Over & Under Passes
Image - Inside Philanthropy

Google Earth
In Southern California there has been a movement to build more and more of these wildlife overpasses to prevent the larger animals from becoming roadkill. Yes we see roadkilled squirrels & rabbits all the time, but it's the larger animals like Deer, Bears, Cougars, Wolves and Coyotes which are not nearly as abundant as the smaller animals. Plus there is the human life safety factor. Hitting a large animal on a highway (usually at late night) is a dangerous experience. One area of controversy for roadkill is the passes between the Santa Monica Mountains, especially where Cougars of Mountains Lions attempt to traverse such passes to get from one part of their traditional territoral range to another. For me coming from San Diego County, I never understood why a tunnel was never proposed and implemented when the newer Mission Gorge Road bypass was built back in the 1960s for a wildlife gap connection between Cowles Mountain's Pyles Peak  and Kwaay Paay Peak next to the San Diego River's Mission Gorge within the Mission Trails Regional Park. 

Image from Trail to Peak's website

If you look towards the left hand side of the photograph above, you can see where Mission Gorge Road leaves west Santee headed towards San Diego's Mission Valley. It pushes upwards from  Santee through the gap between Pyles Peak and Kwaay Paay Peak. This would be the ideal location for building a tunnel to allow a wildlife corridor above and allowing a major connection between both sections of Mission Trails. The other major spot which would have provided good beneficial wildlife corridor would have been a short tunnel through the gap between North Fortuna Mountain and Miramar Military Reservation along Freeway 52 which is on the right hand side of the photo above.
From Trails to Peak's website

Again here is the entire map of Mission Trails Regional Park and you can easily see both Pyles Peak and Kwaay Paay Peak with Mission Gorge road running through the center of both. Perfect spot for wildlife corridor.

Photo credit: Dr. Yun Wang
I kid you not, if Southern California had the mega-fauna (Asian Elephant) problems common to the Simao-Xiao Mengyang expressway in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China, heads would roll if something sensable wasn't done immediately. So getting back to our California Route 1 Cabrillo Highway along the central coast, I really think that building a viaduct type of bridge over water construction would be the way to go and still be beautful and scenic. Allowing those unstable steep slopes to settle and heal with native vegetation would be much more eye pleasing than allowing the area to continue to degrade because of a belief that Nature has to be tamed and conformed or bent to our will. Somewhere Jennifer Doudna just fell off a chair. Below is another example of successful over water viaduct down in Australia.
Photo: david_wimble via Instagram

Sea Cliff Bridge in Australia
Seriously folks, picture California's Central Coast where most of the major catastrophic landslides have historically taken place and imagine a picturesque viaduct bridge like the one above to bypass the danger and allowing the land to heal with it's native coastal sage scrub.
Responsible Infrastructure References
Road planning 'trade off' could boost food production while helping protect tropical forests 
Interstate 15 and the Scenic Virgin River Gorge Bridge Project
Arthur's Pass Viaduct Highway New Zealand

Seriously folks, these people insist on doing things the hard
way- Or it just may well be it's a Union thingy

Google - Wildlife Overpass Construction Designs
Googled wildlife overpass construction
Coyotes, Wolves Cougars........Forever